Stonehenge is the ultimate historical mystery. One of the most famous landmarks in Britain, the unique stone circle situated in modern-day Wiltshire continues to confound historians and visitors alike. Despite extensive research and theorizing, today we are really no closer to understanding how the stones were put there and why.
Amid this lack of clarity, here are fivethings we do know about this prehistoric monument.
1. It is really, really old
The site went through various transformations and didn’t begin as a ring of stones. The circular earth bank and ditch that surrounds the stones can be dated back to about 3100 BC, while the first stones are believed to have been raised at the site between 2400 and 2200 BC.
Over the next few hundred years, the stones were rearranged and new ones added, with the formation we know today being created between 1930 and 1600 BC.
2. It was created by a people who left no written records
This, of course, is the main reason why so many questions persist around the site.
3. It could have been a burial ground
In 2013, a team of archaeologists excavated the cremated remains of 50,000 bones at the site, belonging to 63 men, women and children. These bones date back as early as 3000 BC, though some are only dated back to 2500 BC. This suggests that Stonehenge may have been a burial ground at the start of its history, though it is not clear if that was the site’s primary purpose.
4. Some of the stones were brought from nearly 200 miles away
They were quarried at a town near the Welsh town of Maenclochog and somehow transported to Wiltshire – a feat that would have been a major technical accomplishment at the time.
5. They are known as “ringing rocks”
The monument’s stones possess unusual acoustic properties – when struck they produce a loud clanging sound – which likely explains why someone bothered to transport here.#stonehenge #uk #greatbritain #solesbury #sunset #britain #wiltshire #england #art #travel #visit #picture #pictureoftheday #instagood #detail #photography #sky #photo #travel #instagood #stonecircles #instagram #vsco #love #stonehengefabrics #gradations #vscogood #quilting #monument #stonecircle #awesome